Churchill and Orwell

Author: Thomas E. Ricks

Publisher: Penguin

ISBN: 0698164547

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 8209


A New York Times bestseller! A New York Times Book Review Notable Book of 2017 A dual biography of Winston Churchill and George Orwell, who preserved democracy from the threats of authoritarianism, from the left and right alike. Both George Orwell and Winston Churchill came close to death in the mid-1930's—Orwell shot in the neck in a trench line in the Spanish Civil War, and Churchill struck by a car in New York City. If they'd died then, history would scarcely remember them. At the time, Churchill was a politician on the outs, his loyalty to his class and party suspect. Orwell was a mildly successful novelist, to put it generously. No one would have predicted that by the end of the 20th century they would be considered two of the most important people in British history for having the vision and courage to campaign tirelessly, in words and in deeds, against the totalitarian threat from both the left and the right. In a crucial moment, they responded first by seeking the facts of the matter, seeing through the lies and obfuscations, and then they acted on their beliefs. Together, to an extent not sufficiently appreciated, they kept the West's compass set toward freedom as its due north. It's not easy to recall now how lonely a position both men once occupied. By the late 1930's, democracy was discredited in many circles, and authoritarian rulers were everywhere in the ascent. There were some who decried the scourge of communism, but saw in Hitler and Mussolini "men we could do business with," if not in fact saviors. And there were others who saw the Nazi and fascist threat as malign, but tended to view communism as the path to salvation. Churchill and Orwell, on the other hand, had the foresight to see clearly that the issue was human freedom—that whatever its coloration, a government that denied its people basic freedoms was a totalitarian menace and had to be resisted. In the end, Churchill and Orwell proved their age's necessary men. The glorious climax of Churchill and Orwell is the work they both did in the decade of the 1940's to triumph over freedom's enemies. And though Churchill played the larger role in the defeat of Hitler and the Axis, Orwell's reckoning with the menace of authoritarian rule in Animal Farm and 1984 would define the stakes of the Cold War for its 50-year course, and continues to give inspiration to fighters for freedom to this day. Taken together, in Thomas E. Ricks's masterful hands, their lives are a beautiful testament to the power of moral conviction, and to the courage it can take to stay true to it, through thick and thin. Churchill and Orwell is a perfect gift for the holidays!

Churchill & Orwell

Author: Thomas E. Ricks

Publisher: Editora Schwarcz - Companhia das Letras

ISBN: 8537818518

Category: History

Page: 352

View: 2249


A fascinante história de dois homens com posições políticas diferentes, aliados pelo mesmo princípio: a defesa da liberdade individual Figuras essenciais na luta contra as ameaças do autoritarismo de esquerda e de direita em um momento crítico do século XX, Churchill e Orwell surgem aqui como fonte de inspiração e exemplo para os dias de hoje. Filho de aristocratas, Winston Churchill (1874-1965) era um liberal conservador alinhado ao governo colonialista britânico. George Orwell (1903-1950), que vinha da classe média baixa, era militante socialista e anti-imperialista. Escrita pelo vencedor do Prêmio Pulitzer Thomas E. Ricks, essa atualíssima biografia dupla se concentra no período crucial da vida de Churchill e de Orwell: os anos 1930 e 1940, da ascensão dos nazistas até o rescaldo da Segunda Guerra Mundial. Hoje, impressiona testemunhar quão solitária era a posição de Churchill e de Orwell num momento em que a Europa parecia destinada à ditadura, fosse nazifascista ou comunista. Apresentados como um par complementar, o político marginalizado em busca de redenção e o grande escritor ainda em formação trabalharam pelo mesmo objetivo, embora nunca tenham se encontrado. "Leitura agradável e compulsiva, Churchill & Orwell impressiona pelo compromisso feroz que ambos tinham com o pensamento crítico." The New York Times Book Review "Os dois nunca se encontraram, mas suas vidas e suas visões sobre como deveria funcionar a sociedade, noções de liberdade individual e limitações da política convergiam — pensamentos extraordinariamente harmoniosos em lugares diferentes. Realmente muito impressionante." John Le Carré

Churchill and Orwell

Author: Thomas E. Ricks

Publisher: Prelude Books

ISBN: 0715652389

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 352

View: 4710


Today, as liberty and truth are increasingly challenged, the figures of Churchill and Orwell loom large. Exemplars of Britishness, they preserved individual freedom and democracy for the world through their far-sighted vision and inspired action, and cast a long shadow across our culture and politics. In Churchill & Orwell, the Pulitzer Prize-winning author Thomas E. Ricks masterfully argues that these extraordinary men are as important today as they ever were. Churchill and Orwell stood in political opposition to each other, but were both committed to the preservation of freedom. However, in the late 1930s they occupied a lonely position: democracy was much discredited, and authoritarian rulers, fascist and communist, were everywhere in the ascent. Unlike others, they had the wisdom to see that the most salient issue was human liberty – and that any government that denies its people basic rights is a totalitarian menace to be resisted. Churchill and Orwell proved their age’s necessary men, and this book reveals how they rose from a precarious position to triumph over the enemies of freedom. Churchill may have played the larger role in Hitler’s defeat, but Orwell’s reckoning with the threat of authoritarian rule in 1984 and Animal Farm defined the stakes of the Cold War and continues to inspire to this day. Their lives are an eloquent testament to the power of moral conviction, and to the courage it takes to stay true to it.

CHURCHILL AND ORWELL

Author: N.A

Publisher: N.A

ISBN: 9780715652442

Category: Authors, English

Page: N.A

View: 9548


A "dual biography of Winston Churchill and George Orwell, with a focus on the pivotal years from the mid-1930s through the 1940s, when their farsighted vision and inspired action in the face of the threat of fascism and communism helped preserve democracy for the world."--

George Orwell

Author: Mark Connelly

Publisher: McFarland

ISBN: 1476666776

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 210

View: 6734


"George Orwell (1903-1950) is one of the most influential authors in the English language. This literary companion provides an extensive chronology and 175+ entries about both his literary works and personal life. Also included are discussion questions and research topics, notable quotations by Orwell and an extensive bibliography of related sources"--

The Cambridge Introduction to George Orwell

Author: John Rodden,John Rossi

Publisher: Cambridge University Press

ISBN: 052176923X

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 130

View: 5212


An introductory guide to the life, work and legacy of George Orwell - one of the most influential literary twentieth-century figures.

War and the Cultural Construction of Identities in Britain

Author: Barbara Korte,Ralf Schneider

Publisher: Rodopi

ISBN: 9789042012592

Category: Literary Criticism

Page: 282

View: 7597


The British have been involved in numerous wars since the Middle Ages. Many, if not all, of these wars have been re-constructed in historical accounts, in the media and in the arts, and have thus kept the nation's cultural memory of its wars alive. Wars have influenced the cultural construction and reconstruction not only of national identities in Britain; personal, communal, gender and ethnic identities have also been established, shaped, reinterpreted and questioned in times of war and through its representations. Coming from Literary, Film and Cultural Studies, History and Art History, the contributions in this multidisciplinary volume explore how different cultural communities in the British Isles have envisaged war and its significance for various aspects of identity-formation, from the Middle Ages through to the 20th century.

Becoming George Orwell

Author: John Rodden

Publisher: Princeton University Press

ISBN: 0691228418

Category: Biography & Autobiography

Page: 384

View: 7372


The remarkable transformation of Orwell from journeyman writer to towering icon Is George Orwell the most influential writer who ever lived? Yes, according to John Rodden’s provocative book about the transformation of a man into a myth. Rodden does not argue that Orwell was the most distinguished man of letters of the last century, nor even the leading novelist of his generation, let alone the greatest imaginative writer of English prose fiction. Yet his influence since his death at midcentury is incomparable. No other writer has aroused so much controversy or contributed so many incessantly quoted words and phrases to our cultural lexicon, from “Big Brother” and “doublethink” to “thoughtcrime” and “Newspeak.” Becoming George Orwell is a pathbreaking tour de force that charts the astonishing passage of a litterateur into a legend. Rodden presents the author of Animal Farm and Nineteen Eighty-Four in a new light, exploring how the man and writer Orwell, born Eric Arthur Blair, came to be overshadowed by the spectral figure associated with nightmare visions of our possible futures. Rodden opens with a discussion of the life and letters, chronicling Orwell’s eccentricities and emotional struggles, followed by an assessment of his chief literary achievements. The second half of the book examines the legend and legacy of Orwell, whom Rodden calls “England’s Prose Laureate,” looking at everything from cyberwarfare to “fake news.” The closing chapters address both Orwell’s enduring relevance to burning contemporary issues and the multiple ironies of his popular reputation, showing how he and his work have become confused with the very dreads and diseases that he fought against throughout his life.

First Principles

Author: Thomas E. Ricks

Publisher: HarperCollins

ISBN: 0062997475

Category: History

Page: 416

View: 6869


New York Times Bestseller Editors' Choice —New York Times Book Review "Ricks knocks it out of the park with this jewel of a book. On every page I learned something new. Read it every night if you want to restore your faith in our country." —James Mattis, General, U.S. Marines (ret.) & 26th Secretary of Defense The Pulitzer Prize-winning journalist and #1 New York Times bestselling author offers a revelatory new book about the founding fathers, examining their educations and, in particular, their devotion to the ancient Greek and Roman classics—and how that influence would shape their ideals and the new American nation. On the morning after the 2016 presidential election, Thomas Ricks awoke with a few questions on his mind: What kind of nation did we now have? Is it what was designed or intended by the nation’s founders? Trying to get as close to the source as he could, Ricks decided to go back and read the philosophy and literature that shaped the founders’ thinking, and the letters they wrote to each other debating these crucial works—among them the Iliad, Plutarch’s Lives, and the works of Xenophon, Epicurus, Aristotle, Cato, and Cicero. For though much attention has been paid the influence of English political philosophers, like John Locke, closer to their own era, the founders were far more immersed in the literature of the ancient world. The first four American presidents came to their classical knowledge differently. Washington absorbed it mainly from the elite culture of his day; Adams from the laws and rhetoric of Rome; Jefferson immersed himself in classical philosophy, especially Epicureanism; and Madison, both a groundbreaking researcher and a deft politician, spent years studying the ancient world like a political scientist. Each of their experiences, and distinctive learning, played an essential role in the formation of the United States. In examining how and what they studied, looking at them in the unusual light of the classical world, Ricks is able to draw arresting and fresh portraits of men we thought we knew. First Principles follows these four members of the Revolutionary generation from their youths to their adult lives, as they grappled with questions of independence, and forming and keeping a new nation. In doing so, Ricks interprets not only the effect of the ancient world on each man, and how that shaped our constitution and government, but offers startling new insights into these legendary leaders.